In recent years, New South Wales (NSW) has undergone significant sex law reforms to modernise and update the state’s legal framework around sex and sexuality. These reforms have been driven by a desire to create a more inclusive and equitable society, and to better protect the rights of all individuals, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity. One of the most significant sex law reforms in NSW has been the introduction of the Crimes Amendment (Zoe’s Law) Act 2014. This act recognises that a fetus can be a victim of a criminal offence and provides for increased penalties for offences committed against a pregnant woman. This reform was named after a woman named Zoe, whose unborn child was killed in a car accident caused by a drug-affected driver. Another significant sex law reform in NSW was the decriminalisation of homosexuality, which was achieved through the Crimes (Amendment) Act 1984. This reform removed the criminalisation of consensual sexual acts between same-sex adults and was a major milestone in the fight for LGBTQ+ rights. More recently, NSW has also undergone reforms to improve the legal protections for victims of sexual assault and harassment. The Criminal Procedure Amendment (Sexual Assault Communication Privilege) Act 2018 introduced new protections for victims of sexual assault, including a right to refuse to answer certain questions during court proceedings. The act also provides for the introduction of “special hearings” for vulnerable witnesses, such as victims of sexual assault or domestic violence. Another significant sex law reform in NSW was the introduction of the Consent Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2021. This act updates and clarifies the legal definition of consent in sexual encounters and aims to improve the legal protections for victims of sexual assault. It provides that a person does not consent to sexual activity if they do not freely and voluntarily agree to it, and also introduces new offences for sexual activity without consent. Overall, the sex law reforms in NSW reflect a commitment to creating a more just and equitable society, where all individuals are afforded the same rights and protections, regardless of their gender or sexual orientation. These reforms have been achieved through a combination of legislative changes, court rulings, and social activism, and reflect a growing awareness of the importance of sexual and reproductive rights in modern society.